Are there differences in how collegiate athletes recover from concussions from sports versus non-sport mechanisms of injury (MOI)? Non-sport MOI is responsible for 20% of concussions sustained by collegiate athletes, but how an athlete experiences and recovers from non-sport concussions has not received much scientific study. Research out of emergency departments has suggested that non-sport concussions are more likely to have imaging findings with worse recovery. Recent research found several differences between sport and non-sport MOI in collegiate athletes. Non-sport MOI concussion were more likely to have delayed symptom onset, indicators of greater severity (including loss of consciousness, memory loss, and motor impairment), and were more likely to require hospital transport. Those with non-sport MOI injuries had more symptoms and took longer to return to their sport. In addition, female athletes had more severe/worse injury and outcome metrics than male athletes. This study adds important nuance to our understanding of concussion recovery.
Citation: Roby, P. R., Mozel, A. E., Arbogast, K. B., Buckley, T., Caccese, J. B., Chrisman, S. P., Clugston, J. R., Eckner, J. T., Esopenko, C., Hunt, T., Kelly, L. A., McDevitt, J., Perkins, S. M., Putukian, M., Susmarski, A., Broglio, S. P., Pasquina, P. F., McAllister, T. W., McCrea, M., & Master, C. L. (2023). Post-injury outcomes following non-sport related concussion: A CARE Consortium Study. Journal of Athletic Training.
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