Characterizing Symptoms Before and Following Concussion in Professional Hockey

Do the types of symptoms matter in the acute evaluation period? Based on this study in professional hockey players by SNS members Jared Bruce & Ruben Echemendia and colleagues they do! Post injury cognitive, somatic/physical, and headache symptoms best differentiated concussed players and active controls. Pre-injury affective/emotional symptoms were also associated with increased likelihood of concussion among…

Psychological aspects of sport-related concussion: An evidence-based position paper

Sport-related concussions (SRC) have become a public health issue, however little research has focused on the the psychological aspects of this injury. This position paper identifies five postulates that are intended to stimulate research and practice on psychological aspects of SRC. Article Citation:Gordon A. Bloom , Alicia M. Trbovich , Jeffrey G. Caron & Anthony…

Transition-Related Psychosocial Factors and Mental Health Outcomes in Former NFL Players

A recent study of former NFL players revealed that leaving their sport involuntarily and without a transition plan was associated with greater severity of current depressive and anxiety symptoms. Further researcher is needed to understand how transition-related factors influence functioning in athletes discontinuing participation from sport at lower levels of play (high school, college, etc.).…

Mild cognitive impairment and dementia reported by former professional football players over 50 years of age: an NFL-LONG study

Summary: The authors analyzed self-report questionnaire data from over 900 former NFL players (ages 50+). Their results revealed higher prevalence of self-reported MCI and dementia compared to the general population, with self-reported impairment associated with various health-related (reported concussions, depression, anxiety, recent pain, sleep apnea) and demographics-related (age, race) factors. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34593716/ Walton, S. R., Brett,…

Longitudinal trajectory of depression symptom severity and the influence of concussion history and physical function over a 19-year period among former NFL players

Summary: The authors studied 333 former NFL players over a 19-year period to determine factors associated with severity and trajectory of depressive symptoms. Their data revealed an association between concussion history and severity of depression, as well as showed that declining physical functioning was associated with increases in depressive symptoms longitudinally. https://jnnp.bmj.com/content/early/2021/10/17/jnnp-2021-326602 Brett B. L., Kerr Z. Y., Walton S.…

Selected issues in sport-related concussion for the team physician: a consensus statement

This is the latest update to the Team Physician consensus statement on sport-related concussion developed by the Team Physician Consensus Conference (previous drafts published in 2006 and 2011).  The article delineates “essential” information that a team physician must understand and implement and “desirable” information that are considered best-practice in ideal settings.  The article then briefly…

Association Between Previous Concussion Education and Concussion Care-Seeking Outcomes among NCAA Division I Student-Athletes

The authors of this article documented that concussion education increased concussion care seeking behaviors in NCAA Division I student athletes.  Student athletes who had sustained a concussion previously and/or participated in athletic programs with multi-format concussion education were more likely to engage in concussion care seeking than those athletes that had not had those experiences.…

Distinct latent profiles based on neurobehavioural, physical and psychosocial functioning of former NFL players

In the linked article, Brett and colleagues (including other SNS members Drs. Echemendia and McCrea) performed latent profile analysis to identify distinct groups across a range of functional outcomes in a sample of 686 former NFL players ages 50-70. Measures from the Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders and Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System…